Home > Bilateral Relations > India-South Sudan Relations

India-South Sudan Relations

South Sudan was a part of Anglo-Egyptian Sudan from 1899 – 1955 under joint British-Egyptian rule. After two civil wars (1962-72 and 1983-2005), it became an autonomous region (“Southern Sudan” ) in Sudan. India's position remained  neutral in the long-running civil wars for autonomy of Southern Sudan.  In 2005, a Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) was signed [ceremony attended by the then Indian Minister of State for External Affairs, Mr. E. Ahmed] between the Government of Sudan and Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) in Nairobi which led to the autonomy for the Southern part with a provision for South Sudanese referendum on independence in six years' time. 
         
2.       South Sudan gained independence from Sudan on 09 July 2011, following a referendum in January, 2011. India was one of the first countries to recognize independent South Sudan and the then Vice President Mr. Hamid Ansari attended the Independence Day celebrations in Juba on 9 July 2011. Indian Consulate in Juba, opened in October 2007, was upgraded to the level of Embassy in March 2012.
Recent Visits / Political Interactions
3.       The then Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh met South Sudanese President H.E. Salva Kiir Mayardit in New York in September 2011 on the side lines of UNGA. Gen. (Rtd) V. K. Singh, Minister of State visited Juba in July 2015, as the then Special Envoy of Prime Minister to deliver invitations to South Sudanese President Salva Kiir and Foreign Minister Dr. Barnaba Marial Benjamin for participation in 3rd India Africa Forum Summit. He again visited Juba in July 2016 to coordinate and oversee evacuation of Indian nationals when civil war was at its peak in South Sudan. Mr. V. Muraleedharan, Ministry of State for External Affairs and Parliamentary Affairs visited Juba from 20-22 October 2021 for bilateral talks.   
4.       From South Sudanese side, President Salva Kiir led a high level delegation to attend the 3rd India Africa Summit (IAFS-III) in New Delhi in October 2015, and also held a bilateral interaction with PM Mr Narendra Modi. There have been several Ministerial-level visits from South Sudan to India, mainly to represent South Sudan in various conferences, EXPOs etc.
Bilateral Institutional Mechanisms
5.       An MoU on Foreign Office Consultation (FOC) was signed between the two countries on February 2019. Consultations are to be held on annual basis, alternatively in Juba and New Delhi at the level of Director General or equivalent.  Due to Covid-19 Pandemic, no FOC has taken place so far.
Bilateral Agreements
6.       Though India has not signed any bilateral agreement with South Sudan, India has proposed few projects for implementation in the country covering health & education vocational training under Pan Africa e-network (e-VB and e-AB) programme.
Bilateral Trade

7.       India's trade with South Sudan is sparse. The main items of Indian imports from South Sudan are oil and timber, whereas India's exports mainly comprise consumer and household goods, food items, pharmaceuticals, motor cycles and three wheelers. As the trade is mainly through third countries (Uganda, Kenya, UAE), precise data of the same are not available. Bilateral trade figures with South Sudan over the last five years are as below:
(In million US$)


Year

India’s Imports

Indian Exports

Total Trade

2016-17

0.18

3.24

3.42

2017-18

70.56

3.54

74.10

2018-19

89.97

10.53

100.50

2019-20

7.33

20.05

27.38

2020-21

1.59

24.98

26.57

8.       Though data is not available, some local companies do import pharma products directly from India.  They are mostly concentrated in Juba, the capital city. South Sudan's estimated global imports in 2019 were US $667 Million and exports accounted for approx US$ 1.7 billion. China, Uganda, UAE and Kenya are its major trading partners.

Economic and Commercial Relations

9.       ONGC Videsh Ltd. (OVL) has made an investment of about US$ 2.5 billion (spread over Sudan and South Sudan) in the hydrocarbon sector since 2003.

10.     92% of South Sudan’s budget comes from its oil revenues. Production of crude oil was disrupted from December 2013 due to outbreak of civil war in the country, further deteriorating the economy. Since September, 2018, oil production has been revived at a minimal level. It was expected to reach pre-2018 level of 3,20,000 bpd production by early 2020, but the production on ground is around 150,000 pbd, due to COVID pandemic related restrictions and other factors.  

11.     A few Indian companies have presence in South Sudan in different fields, like hotel industry, construction, borehole drilling, printing, trading and oil industry-related services. Indians also run small hotels and supermarkets, mostly in Juba.

Capacity building

12.     ITEC slots: India offered South Sudan 200 ITEC slots for the year 2018-19 and all of them were utilized. Due to heavy demand and popularity of the Indian capacity building courses among government officials and students in South Sudan, the Ministry decided to increase the slots to 240 from 2019-20. Presently, due to the COVID pandemic, the training courses are being conducted online within the Mission premises, some of which are in high demand in South Sudan. Under the ITEC programme, a lady diplomat Ms. Adiang from the local Foreign office had undergone a yoga training course for three months at Bengaluru. She has become the first India trained yoga teacher in the country.
13.     ICCR Scholarships: For the academic year 2019-20, ICCR allocated 15 scholarships for South Sudan for higher studies in India and all the slots have been utilized. During 2013-2019, a total of 46 South Sudanese students have been granted ICCR scholarships. Covid restrictions have affected travel of students to India for study under ICCR Scholarships in 2020-21.  But for the session 2021-22, all 20 students selected are presently studying in some of the best universities of India.

  1. 14.     Police Training Courses: 50 officers of South Sudan Police Force attended specialized courses in India in 2018 and 2019.
  2.  
  3. 15.     Training at SSFSI: In 2016, under country specific programme, 15 diplomats of South Sudan Foreign Ministry attended a specialized course at Foreign Service Institute of India, in New Delhi. In 2017 and 2019 one diplomat was accommodated by FSI each year in the Professional Course for Foreign Diplomats.

 

  1. 16.     Courses under IAFS-III scholarship: A total of 43 slots have been availed of by South Sudan officials who attended different capacity building and Post-graduation courses since 2017.

17.     Pan Africa E-network: An MoU is presently under consideration between TCIL and Government of South Sudan for online training in education (e-Vidya Bharti) and health (e-Arogya Bharti) as part of Pan Africa e-Network (IAFS-III, 2015)
Humanitarian Assistance & Disaster Relief (HA& DR):
18.     In 2008,India donated US$ 100,000 worth of tents and medicines for flood victims to be shared between Sudan and South Sudan. In February 2020, a consignment of life saving drugs worth Rs 6.88 million was donated to the flood affected people of South Sudan. In December 2020, Government of India donated 70 Metric Tons of food aid consisting of wheat flour, rice and sugar to the flood affected people of South Sudan. In April, 2021, Government of India gifted 6 Metric Tons of life-saving essential medicines to South Sudan.
Medical Tourism

19.     South Sudanese prefer to travel to India for medical treatment, given that top class medical treatment facilities in India are much more affordable compared to other countries. On an average, the Mission has been issuing 200 medical visas every year since 2015. Local insurance companies and India-based medical tourism promoting companies have been assisting their clients to get treatment at hospitals in Delhi, Gurugram, Mumbai, Bengaluru, Chennai, Hyderabad, etc.   

Cultural Interaction

20.     Indian Council for Cultural Relations (ICCR) sponsored cultural troupe visited South Sudan in 2016 & 2017 and performed in Juba.  In 2019 & 2020, a traditional dance group from South Sudan participated at the International Arts and Crafts Mela in Surajkund.

Indian Contingent in the UN Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS)

21.     India has provided a contingent of over 2,300 defense personnel for the peacekeeping operations in South Sudan. Indian peace keepers are deployed in Juba, Jonglei and Upper Nile Regions. Additionally, a police component (UNPOL) of around 40 Indian Police Officers is attached with UNMISS in the country.  Apart from the peacekeeping operations, the Indian contingents have been extending community welfare assistance viz. veterinary clinic to help the local community in taking care of their large cattle population in Bor and Malakal. The Indian peacekeepers have also been helping local youth in capacity building, like repair of computers, diesel gen-sets and are imparting other technical skills. To empower women of South Sudan, the peacekeepers have taught them methods of growing vegetables and pulses and also ways to produce clean milk from cattle. 

22.     The battalion in Bor  (Jonglei State) installed community solar lights in villages for the benefit of students to enable them to study at night as also for security reasons. Indian army engineers under UNMISS in Malakal re-laid the airstrip, repaired flood affected roads and renovated the defunct Government Hospital in Malakal.

23.     In 2013, seven soldiers of the Indian peacekeeping battalion made the supreme sacrifice in the cause of peace in two different attacks in Jonglei State. The bravery and social welfare activities of the Indian peacekeepers are highly commended both by the local population and Government of South Sudan. 

24.     Lt. Gen S. S. Tinaikar, who had been the Force Commander of UNMISS in South Sudan for over a year now, retired from his office in end January, 2022.  It was for the first time that an Indian officer was in overall charge of the international forces deployed in the country.

Indian Community

25.     Presently, about 800 Indian nationals are based in South Sudan. Some of them have set up their businesses in Juba and others are working in various  companies. A number of Indians are also working in UN organizations, Christian missionaries and in NGOs. Indians were among the first to open hotels, borehole drilling companies, printing press and departmental stores in Juba in early 2006 after South Sudan was declared an autonomous region. The Indian Association of South Sudan (IASS) has a membership of around 500.

26.     Indian Embassy has organized periodic free medical and blood donation camps in the past on important occasions such as on Indian Independence Days and Republic Days in collaboration with IASS before the onset of Covid-19 pandemic. 

***
February 2022

Annexure ‘A’
A.      Visits from India to South Sudan


S. No

Dignitary

Date / Remarks

1

Mr Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed,
President

December 1975 (then part of Sudan)

2

Mr E. Ahamed, Minister of State, External Affairs Ministry

January 2005, Attended signing of Comprehensive Peace Agreement between South Sudan and Sudan in Nairobi.

3

Mr E. Ahamed, Minister of State, External Affairs Ministry

June 2011, led a multi-disciplinary delegation to South Sudan

4

Mr Hamid Ansari, Vice President

July 2011, represented India at the independence ceremony in Juba.

5

Gen (Rtd) V.K Singh, Minister of State, External Affairs Ministry

July 2015, special envoy of Prime Minister of India to deliver the invitations to South Sudanese President Salva Kiir and Foreign Minister Dr. Barnaba Marial Benjamin for participation in 3rd  IAFS in New Delhi

6

Gen (Retd)V.K Singh, Minister of State, External Affairs Ministry

July 2016, to coordinate and oversee evacuation of Indian nationals when civil war was at its peak in South Sudan.

7

Mr. V Muraleedharan, Minister of State, External Affairs Ministry

October 20-22, 2021 for bilateral talks.

 

B.      Visits from South Sudan to India


S. No

Dignitary

Date/Remarks

1.

Dr. Priscilla Joseph Kuch

April 2011, led a high level delegation from President Salva Kiir's office.

2

Joseph Lual Achuil

November 2011, Special Envoy of the President

3

Vice President, Dr. Riek Machar Teny

January 2012, to participate in the conference organized by the Friends of Moral Re-armament at Panchgani

4

Betty Achan Ogwaro

January 2012, Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Cooperatives

5

Kengen Jakor Beyo

January 2012, Deputy Minister of Commerce led 8 member delegation to attend the ELECRAMA Exhibition in Mumbai on the invitation of the Indo-African Chamber of Commerce

6

Beatrice Aber Samson

July 2012, Chairperson of the Constituency Fund Committee of the National Assembly led 8 member delegation on a Study Tour of India, hosted by the Indian Bureau of Parliamentary Studies and Training

7

President Gen. Salva Kiir Mayardit

October 2015, led a high level official delegation attended the 3rd India Africa Summit (IAFS-III) and held a bilateral interaction with PM Mr Narendra Modi

8

James Wani Igga

March 2016, Led a high level delegation attended the 11th CII-EXIM Bank Conclave on India-Africa Project Partnership

9

Mr. Yien Oral Lam Tut, Minister of Higher Education and Science & Technology
& Mr. Gabriel Thokuj Deng, Minister of Mining

March 2018, attended the CII-Exim Bank Conclave

10

Prof. John Apuruot Akec, Vice Chancellor, University of Juba

August 2018, Academic Visitors Programme (AVP) sponsored by ICCR in August 2018

11

Ms. Sophia Pal Gai, M/o Water Resources & Irrigation

October 2018, took part in in Mahatma Gandhi International Sanitation Conference.

12

Ms. Josephine Cosmos Napwon, Minister of Environment & Forestry

October 2018, to attend International Solar Alliance (ISA) Founding Conference (March 2018) and First General Assembly of ISA (October 2018)

13

Mr Ezekiel Lol Gatkuoth, Minister of Petroleum

February 2019 to attend the Petrotech Conference 2019. He had a bilateral discussion with his counterpart Mr Dharmendra Pradhan

14

Hon. Goc Makuac Mayol, Deputy Finance Minister 

March 2019, to attend CII-EXIM conference

15

Defence Minister, Kuol Manyang Juuk

February 2020, led a delegation to attend Def-expo in Lucknow

 

  • image
  • image
  • image
  • image
  • image
  • image
  • image
  • image
  • image
  • image
  • image
  • image
  • image
  • image